Dr. Kushner has been trained in two medical specialties.
Obstetrics & gynecology is a medical and surgical specialty focused on the care of the reproductive system in women in both the pregnant and non-pregnant states – obstetrics and gynecology, respectively. Although they are recognized as two separate fields of medicine, many physicians specialize in both areas to provide comprehensive care for women. When a physician specializes in both fields, they are referred to as an OBGYN or OB/GYN; the specialty is commonly abbreviated as OB/GYN, OBGYN or Obs & Gyn, among other variations.
As an OBGYN, these physicians are trained to provide pre- and post-natal care for pregnant women. This includes regular checkups and examinations to ensure healthy gestation and development of the baby, as well as looking after the health of the mother; this also includes tests for the transfer of hereditary disease from the mother to the child. During obstetric exams, tests like complete blood counts, sexually transmitted disease screenings, pap smears, amniotic fluid tests, and iron and glucose tests will be performed. Often times, the OBGYN will be present at childbirth, and will likely be the physician performing the delivery.
Gynecologic duties of an OBGYN include caring for women who are not pregnant, seeing patients for regular exams and the treatment of various gynecological diseases, disorders and complications. These physicians often perform annual preventive screenings that include a general physical examination, pelvic exam, breast exam, pap smear and a review of vaccinations, among others deemed necessary. OBGYNs are also trained to perform surgical procedures such as hysterectomies, tubal ligations (getting “tubes tied”), laparoscopies and cystoscopies, among others.
Learn more about obgyn / obstetrics & gynecology at MD.com.
Pain management is an area of medicine devoted to the relief and management of acute and chronic pain caused by a variety of different diseases and injuries. Pain management specialists work to improve the quality of life and day to day living of those who suffer from debilitating, chronic pain. Those suffering from chronic pain are often treated by a multidisciplinary team of health care practitioners at pain clinics or centers, but may also be treated by other physicians, such as family practitioners.
Pain management clinics are medical centers that provide comprehensive and multidisciplinary care for patients. These clinics specialize in the treatment of pain and provide associated medical care; patients may be treated in either inpatient or outpatient settings. Pain management clinics often work in conjunction with a patient’s primary care physician, and often employ physicians that specialize in pain such as neurologists, anesthesiologists, orthopedists, rheumatologists, physiatrists and psychiatrists, among others.
Pain management specialists can provide variety of different treatment techniques and procedures when trying to alleviate or manage the pain their patients face. These may include trigger point and epidural injections, the prescription of medications such as nerve blocks, surgical implants, bioelectric therapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation therapy (TENS) or physical therapy, among other treatments. Many patients suffering from chronic pain choose to pursue alternative medical treatments to alleviate pain, such as acupuncture.
Learn more about pain management at MD.com.